Glossary

Glossary

The glossary aids you in understanding the specialised terms in relation to cow’s milk allergy and other food allergies. Start by typing in the search box or use the alphabetical index to find what you are looking for.

S
  • Short Bowel Syndrome (SBS)

    Malabsorption disorder caused by the surgical removal of the small intestine, or rarely due to the complete dysfunction of a large segment of bowel. Most cases are acquired, although some children are born with a congenital short bowel. It usually does not develop unless more than two thirds of the small intestine have been removed.
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  • Skin Prick Test (SPTs)

    Allergologic test performed by pouring small drops of allergen extract on the skin of the forearm. The test is positive if red patches appear on the skin after some minutes. Skin Prick Tests detect specific IgE antibody. They can provide a limited indication of the likelihood that a patient will react to a particular food protein. Usually performed by a Paediatric Allergist or allergy Nurse.
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  • Skin rash

    An area of reddened, irritated, and inflamed skin. A rash may be localized in one part of the body, or affect the skin all over. Rashes may cause the skin to change color, itch, become warm, bumpy, dry, cracked or blistered, swell and may be painful. The causes, and therefore treatments for rashes, vary widely.
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  • Sneezing

    To expel air as a reflex induced by an irritation in the nose.
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  • Standard Treatment

    A treatment currently in wide use and approved by the government, considered to be effective for a specific disease or condition.
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  • Symptom

    A perceived change in some function, sensation or appearance of a person that indicates a disease or disorder.
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