8. August 2011 | 12:12

What can I do to relieve the symptoms?

Usually, symptoms will soon disappear once the allergic food has been identified and eliminated from the baby’s diet. Until this happens, here are some tips to help you and your baby:

What can I do if my baby has skin issues?

Stick to a daily skin care routine with moisturising creams to prevent flares and further skin damage. Prevent scratching or rubbing whenever possible. It also helps to keep rooms at a cool, stable temperature and consistent humidity levels. Try not to expose your baby’s skin to general irritants, such as wool or synthetic fibres, soaps and detergents and avoid contact with some perfumes and cosmetics, substances such as chlorine, mineral oil, or solvents, dust or sand and cigarette smoke.

What can I do if my baby has colic or cramps?

Baby colic usually improves on its own at around three to four months of age. What you can do in the meantime, is to prevent your baby swallowing air by sitting him or her as upright as possible during feeding. Remember also to let your baby burp often, sitting him upright or holding him upright on your shoulder, while supporting his neck and head. Gently rub his back and tummy until he burps. It is quite normal if he or she brings up a small amount of milk when you do this. When bottle feeding, don’t let your baby drink too quickly.

What can I do if my baby has diarrhoea?

Dehydration must be avoided, therefore it is important to replace fluids that are lost with the stools. Infants and younger children should drink breast milk, formulae or special liquids that contain salt and sugar lost in diarrhoea. Rice, cereal, bananas, potatoes, boiled carrots, and white bread are some examples for foods that are usually well tolerated during a diarrhoeal illness. As your baby improves, you can add suitable soft foods to your child’s diet.

What can I do if my baby has acid reflux?

Reflux is a common ailment that affects almost all babies at some point, and can range from very mild to very severe causing significant pain and discomfort. Here are some general feeding guidelines which should help to limit reflux:

  • Feed your baby in a calm environment and hold him/her upright.
  • Feed smaller portions more often rather than larger meals.
  • After feeding, avoid jiggling your baby and leave him time to burp.
  • You can also try to adjust your baby’s sleeping position by raising the head of the cot.
  • Tight clothing and pressure on the baby’s tummy e.g. in car seats should be avoided.
  • Dummies can also help to neutralise some acids in the reflux.